COMMUNICATION

Greeks love to talk even if they don’t always have much to say to each other. Local cancans are often the most common. And the volta in the islands consisting of taking a tour in an area of the island to see and above all also be seen . This is constantly fuelling these discussions.
The Greek tradition is that we wish each other absolutely everything and it starts with the 1st of the whole calendar: Kali Deftera (good Monday at the beginning of the week) Kalo true, mesimeri, (for the evening and the afternoon); Kalo mina for the beginning of the month etc, etc… and always with a smile.
The Greeks also want the seasons: from 15 August we wish Kalo Shimonas (good winter) and of course Kalo LKalokeri for good summer. the intermediate seasons are not very successful…

SOCIOLOGY

The family is the basic cell of Greek society. It centralizes an important network of solidarity which fills, among other things, a lack of social care. The head of the family is in fact the guarantor of family security. Several generations thus live under the same roof. The nursing homes are empty. The village of origin channels a strong attachment. It is not uncommon to witness amassivereturn of national and international “emigrants” at the time of the holidays. The kinship network remains strong and contributes to a broader solidarity. Notably at KARPATHOS.
There are many family businesses, you will notice this trend clearly in tourism activities. The traditional family unit remains unstoppable and homosexul marriage is not relevant in Greece. There is also no civil union open to same-sex couples. A small cabinet, chaired by former Minister Costas Caramanlis, approved a Ministry of Justice bill on couples’ cohabitation in 2009. This “common life pact” cannot be akin to a form of Greek PACS. There is no question of a civil union.
In 2013, the European Court of Human Rights condemned Greece forviolating human rights: Greece must open civil union to same-sex couples. This condemnation reignites the debate in society. The political parties in power are obliged to think of a change in this direction. At this time, however, no progress is to be reported.
In retirement, Greeks often stay with their children to help them with children and meals. If they have the opportunity and the means, they return to their island or their home region. Pensioners do not travel across Europe but prefer to turn to their homes and household chores. The men meet their lifelong friends at the kafenion of the neighborhood to play cards, share a mezze while sipping an ouzo. On Sundays, the tavern gathers families and friends around a table.
When old age sets in, the forefather is in turn taken care of by his children who will help him to feed, to dress, to shop. Girls and daughters-in-law become real nursing care workers when the parent is hospitalized or bedridden because social services are failing. Retirement homes are non-existent. Moreover, the idea of”getting rid” of its parent in this way is unacceptable in the minds of many Greeks.

MESIMERI

The period starts at 1 p.m. and ends at 5:30 p.m. with lunch and naps. noise, phone calls are not coming as you will have understood.
The Greek evening dinner is rather around 10 p.m. (heat obliges)
Volta (from The Italian to go around) is a petiote specialty. Don’t be surprised to see several of the same people on the island shortly apart. The volta consists of it turn the island in all its nooks and crannies to see what happens there !!!
In DYO LISKARIAS    as it is the end of the world the parking is a U-turn area !!!
For a party do not show up with 23 hours you would find yourself alone.

SOLIDARITY

The system of collective solidarity allows those who do not have a fixed job to earn a living through odd jobs or services rendered. Undeclared work is still widespread, especially in tourism, and occupies a large part of the population. Thus, poverty and destitution are discreet in the country and the people who reach out in the street are often Gypsies, immigrants who do not benefit from the social fabric of mutual aid. Beyond the current crisis, finding work in GREECE is quite difficult when you don’t have relationships : co-optation and piston are still commonplace, even if reforms to combat this form of nepotism are regularly put in place. In the public sector, before the crisis and for years, governments used to take turns placing their families and friends.
There are very few social associations in Greece, it is mainly the popes who play the role of solidarity. They collect certain legacies and thus help to help the needy. Their presence with families is very important, they know each of their faithful and visit them regularly.

WOMEN IN GREEK SOCIETY

Women, as in many Mediterranean countries, their image abroad is often linked to that of a machismo bordering on caricature. In reality, Greek women benefit from a modern way of life, despite generational differences, between rural and urban areas, which can be factors in the total emancipation of women.
Contrary to popular belief, it is often women who hold their own in Greek society with often very strong and subtle temperaments.
Even if the sacred purpose, in the eyes of the Orthodox Church, remains to be married and to have children, and boys who will be spoiled… And be careful, in small islands, do not rub shoulders with young girls too closely without having the prior agreement of his brother, father, cousin, uncle, etc.
In ancient Greece, in Athens,women are the most distant : unlike metecs and slaves, they cannot become citizens. She has a dual role (wife and mistress of the house) but, whatever her social position, she remains above all subject to a man who may have a legal homosexual life or have a concubine. In Sparta the woman is enslaved to the state and, her primary purpose, is to reproduce vigorous and disciplined soldiers. So she has the only opportunity to play sports.
In hellistic times, women became citizens and could take some part in political life. She takes care of her family’s financial affairs, but  only if she isof  aristocratic descent. She can participate in public life. She is a little more educated in the upper social class and she has more confidence in herself.
In the Middle Ages of the Byzantine emperors, it was the era of 1,000 years of male superiority and Christianity that abaized women. The woman is a subordinate. She does not appear publicly and devotes her time at most to charity and care (hospitals). She was poorly educated, unless she belonged to the upper social class. She could be married at the age of 12 in an agreed marriage and the purpose of the latter was “reproduction”.
The Greek woman of the 18th and 19th century. She couldn’t be an employee. She was a housewife and her role was to manage the domestic economy in order to meet the needs of the family. In the capitalist world, the poor family woman was not educated and, if necessary, she did the hardest work! The father of a daughter had to offer a tempting dill if he wanted to see his daughter get married.  In the upper social class, fathers saw their daughters as little treasures to be protected.
The Greek woman of the 20th century. After the First World War, she could only become a schoolmaster. After the Second World War, in 1946, she fought for the right to vote, which she did not get until 1952. In Greece, traditional Greek Mediterranean life does not allow women to work, but the most disadvantaged families let their daughters work in factories or in the fields all day long!  Women were educated after the Second World War until they were 12 years old. In the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, girls were disadvantaged compared to their brothers. They have no right to go out without them. They strive to study to become school masters or teachers. A place in the public sector is welcome.
It was only after the dictatorship of 1967-1974 that women were emancipated. They become salaried and seek parity (which they will never find). She tries to rise to power but finds only a transparent glass ceiling. Today, the image of women has changed a lot. It takes on the characteristics of a female image of the West. She’s becoming an MP. Vassiliki Thanou Christophilou became prime minister in 2015 for even a few months. (photo below right).
 The column woman of the Greek family. Since the 20th sc, Greek society has looked at women in a different way. The woman showed that she could do anything: work outside as well as “inside”. It becomes the column of the house. She knows how to manage the life of her entire family. In Greece, we don’t talk about French patriarchy. The woman in Greece is respected and always has the right to speak. She’s always the most reasonable in the household. She is the conscience of the family that she must keep on the right path.

THE KOMBOLOÏ

In Greece, you’ve probably seen Greeks of a certain age gin up a kind of string of large pearls. It is a komboloï but of purely secular use. He was glorious in the 19th and 20th. But what is the use of komboloï  in Greece?  Disguised as a rosary, the komboloï expresses its duality and invites us to immerse ourselves in the relaxation, delight and voluptuousness of the Golden Age.
The knot (-kombos) and the word (-loï) are intertwined with the beads of amber or glass or wood that slide on the male fingers of the same suppleness that alabaster skin provides to its touch, thus reinforcing virility.
Sitting at KAFENEIO, with their legs apart, the men take pleasure in donning beads and nonchalantly rotating the komboloi in both directions until the balls are swallowed up by the palm of the hand while laughing at the religious cannons.
For the Greek people is not supposed to be a people of submission, misery and devotion. Komboloï  celebrates festive spirit, relaxation and nostalgic laziness. Accompanied by Greek coffee, sensory pleasures touch on summun and men  become more liberated than ever before.
There’s no way a woman is holding a komboloi in her hand. She risks being called a matron, not a man’s equal. However, Greek women, being the quintessential slingers, appropriate this phallocratic object that adorns their bare neck and their thin and fragrant wrist.
Let us not forget also  that, as a rival worthy of cigarettes, the komboloi virtuosoly occupies the fingers of ex-smokers and induces them to permanently shake the yoke of an inveterate habit and to lay the foundations of a clean life.
It happens that this little “demon” appeared to enthrone himself in the modern Greek  mentality, hungry for frivolity and playfulness.

WHAT IT IS TO DO

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