The Italian occupation in the DODEKANISOS mainly concerns the period between 1912 and 1947.
Winston Churchill has always thought that the Dodecanese is a strategic region between Europe and the Middle East. Hence the great commitment of the English in the conquest of these islands. They tried to keep them after getting them back to the Italians but under international pressure they had to make the archipelago to Greece. The archipelago is marked by
THE BATAILLE OF LEROS
In 1912, Italy invaded the Dodecanese islands. They will remain under Italian domination throughout the fascist period and until the end of the Second World War. The Italians have left a strong mark on the Dodecanese, especially in archaeology and architecture, but also in tourism: the vast majority of tourists who visit these islands come from Italy and many Italians have bought SECONDARIES HOUSES in the region. You will hear Italian speaking everywhere, so if you are asked where you come from in Italy, do not be surprised.
The naval base of Porto Lago-Lepida – Saint George!! Since the summer of 1923, Leros’ conversion to a naval base began. This is how the Italians are based on the island. The Italians had understood the possibilities of the ports of LEROS,but especially their attention to the great natural port of LAKKI.
Since May 1923, work has begun to create an aeronautical base in Lepida.
Two workshops are set up for the first twelve seaplanes and large quantities of ammunition, cement and other materials needed for this work are carried out. To implement the project, the first 100 Italian officers and 300 engineer soldiers arrive. In the harbour, there are more than 40 buoys, while in St. George unloaded more than 25,000 tons of coal. In the port of LAKKI, in 1924 projects of maritime importance were carried out. Around St. George built a 95-metre waterfront for easier unloading of building materials for the naval base.
The road is built from St. George to Lakki. The new buildings are built as warehouses, shelters and various buildings, but buildings for the purposes of the aeronautical base. He works everywhere… MERIKIA,
Due to the arrival of Italian techniques and engineers, there is a rapid increase in population and leros becomes the largest aviation base in the Aegean Sea.
Near LEPIDA becomes buildings for workshops of various specialties, fuel tanks, shelters, scapegoat unit for the service of warships of all types as well as a floating tank. About 1929-29 people built the large lodges for officers and sailors of submarines and the rest of the military military personnel. Dozens of buildings are built and among them a strip of 4,628 m2 to house the best of the Italian airbase. In addition, a two-storey vessel to accommodate submarine crews had an area of 2,420 t.
In Lepida, the area of the “G” air base is formed. Product , named after the first Italian pilot killed in leros. Equipment stores, houses for staff and for the families of officers, technical workshops, the airport administration building known for all 15 of us being flag. One small and two larger hangars will be used for seaplane accommodation. The same buildings were used immediately after integration by the Greek authorities! And that’s how the blade story was built!!
In 1952, Prime Minister Konstantin Karamanlis faced a difficult situation in order to modernize the country’s economy. This period is marked by the beginning of the emigration of rural populations to the big cities, especially ATHENS. In the capital, the real estate boom leads to the destruction of several old beautiful neighborhoods.
In 1963, the Union of the Centre took over the power. It was the beginning of a period of political instability that led, in 1967, to a military coup d’état. The junta will keep power seven long years, suppressing by violence the revolt of the students and forcing the exile of many intellectuals and opponents.
In 1974,the military made the mistake of wanting to overthrow Cypriot President Makarios, which gave an excuse forthe TURKISH ARMY to invade the Greek part of the island of Cyprus.