SOCRATES

SOCRATES is the inventor of the policy at ATHENS in the CLASSICAL GREECE

He is considered the moral arbiter.

Socrates is a philosopher of ancient Greece from the “5th century BC born around -470 , died in -399. He is known as one of the creators of “Moral Philosophy”. Socrates left no writing, his thought and reputation were transmitted by indirect testimonies. His disciples, PLATO and Xenophon, have notably worked to maintain the image of their master, who is staged in their respective works. The philosophers Demetrius of Phalère, and Maxime de Tyre in his Ninth Dissertation wrote that Socrates died at the age of 70. Already renowned during his lifetime, Socrates became one of the most illustrious thinkers of the “History of Philosophy”. The “Socrates Trial” , his death sentence and his very frequent presence in Plato’s dialogues have helped to make him a major philosophical icon. The figure of Socrates was discussed, repeated, and reinterpreted until contemporary times. Socrates is thus famous beyond the philosophical sphere, and his character surrounded by legends. Despite this cultural influence, very little is known with certainty about the historical Socrates and what is at the heart of his thinking. Testimonies are often discordant and the restitution of life or the original thought of SOCRATES is an approach on which specialists do not agree.

SOCRATE is the one going to corrupt future generations? The philosopher Socrates will have to speak in public before being found guilty or innocent of his influence on the Athenians. He’s using criticism to talk about the leaders of ATHENS. Wisdom, virtue, criticism, doubt about the strength of the Gods and questioning are unknown and irritating elements that will lead him to death. These very human notions are not yet wallined in the minds of the Athenians. Apart from his words, the philosopher Socrates has no defense (no lawyer) and he is quickly sentenced to death. He is locked up in the Acropolis prison and is invited to drink cigue. The event of his death awakens his disciples and all those who wanted new ideas and thoughts to change the way things are going in Athens…. and, it is posthumously,   at the death of the great Philosopher that philosophy takes on a dazzling magnitude. 

 

The Socrates’ triple filter test …

– In ancient Greece, Socrates was reputed to have a high regard for knowledge. One day, an acquaintance met the great philosopher and said, “Do you know what I just heard about your friend?”

“Wait a minute,” Socrates replied. “Before I talk to me about my friend, it might be a good idea to take a moment and filter out what you’re going to say. That’s why I call it the triple filter test. The first filter is the truth. Have you made sure that what you are going to tell me is true? ”

“Well, no,” said the man, “Actually, I just heard about it and …”

“All right, ” said Socrates. “So you don’t really know if that’s true or not. Now let’s try the second filter, the filter of goodness. Are you going to tell me something good about my friend? »

“Umm, no, on the contrary…”

“Then,” Socrates continued, “You want to tell me something bad about my friend, but you’re not sure it’s true. However, you can still pass the test because there is still a filter – the utility filter. Do you want to tell me that my friend is going to serve me? »

“No, not really.”

“Well,” Socrates concluded, “If what you want to tell me is neither true, nor good, nor even useful, why tell me?”

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