A new flag recently reappeared: the white cross on a blue background is the symbol of theORTHODOX CHURCH , the 9 bands are the number of letters of the word ELEFTHERIA (freedom) chanted by the soldiers as a war cry. The nine horizontal stripes correspond to the nine syllables of the Independence War Cry: Eleftheria i thanatos meaning “Freedom or death.”

The official flag is composed of nine equal horizontal stripes, alternately blue and white. The upper left corner of the flag houses a white cross on a blue background evoking the Orthodox religion. White and blue, chosen as their emblem during the War of Independence, were officially adopted by Otton of Bavaria in 1833, when he ascended to the throne of GRECE.


The Greek flag has  nine horizontal blue and white stripes witha blue square with white cross at the top  left. It is  the flag ofthe military navy officially adopted  in 1822 as the national flag.



The pattern of the white cross on a blue background would have appeared for the first time in 1807 when the abbot  from the Evanguelistria Monastery on the island  of SKIATHOS  then swears the oath of the greatest hero of the Greek revolution against the OTTOMANS Theodore Kolokotron  is on this flag. The flag was adoptedin  1833 by Othon de Baviere  when the Kingdom of Greece  was created; various variants with and without crown were used from 1833 to 1978 with various shades of blue.

It was the maritime flag that was adopted as the only national flag in 1969, during the Colonels’ regime,in other words, the Greek dictatorship(1967-1974). After the return of democracy, the land flag was reused from 1975 to 1978, when the maritime flag became the only national flag.



  • The cross symbolizes the Christian faith and victory over the occupier. It recalls the cross that Emperor Constantine I (first Byzantine emperor, 312 A.D.) saw during a vision: Creating a New Rome in Eastern Europe in Byzantia with the cross meaning ‘E’ ‘E’ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ ‘ in all-in-one Nika, in Greek ‘ You’ll win.
  • The nine bands recall the nine syllables constituting the Greek motto: “freedom or death” or (“O” – “Eleutheria i thanatos in Greek”) during the revolution for independence from 1821 against the Ottoman Turks (occupation 1453 – 1927) . The 5 blue stripes also represent the 5 seas surrounding Greece (the Ionnian Sea to the west, the Mediterranean Sea, the Crete Sea, the Aegean Sea to the east of Greece and the Thrace Sea to the north of Greece). The white stripes, on the other, would recall the white smoke of the Greek fighters forGreek national independence.