MINOAN CIVILIZATION began in Crete. At that time, the large island had the quasi-monopoly of maritime trade in the Mediterranean. Knossos, its capital, brings together top artists and the houses of its palace experience a degree of comfort and refinement that is unimaginable today.
The Minoan civilization reached its peak in 1900 BC and was the origin of the fabulous palaces of Knossos and Phaestos. Around 1700 BC, a large bet of the island was probably destroyed by a huge earthquake but the inhabitants rebuilt the palaces.
The sea force of Lima Crete continued to grow around 1450 BC, when much of the island plunged into the sea, marking the collapse of the Minoan empire at the same time. This partial destruction of the island is believed to have been caused by the eruption of the volcano of the island of Thera or Santorini, which lies north of the ridge and which would have caused a huge tidal wave accompanied by toxic gases causing the death of thousands of people.
The place of women (dressed and wearing impressive manmother) was very important and was reflected in the worship of female deities, relating to fertility and reproduction.
In the field of sports, a special place is reserved for bullfighting. At the head of a large fleet, King Minos conquered the Cyclades and passed on to them certain aspects of the brilliant Cretan civilization whose sudden and mysterious disappearance, around 1500 BC, remains an enigma of history. It is due either to an invasion or, more likely, to an earthquake that would have its source in the caldera of the Santorini volcano.